Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) have three  medium chain fatty acid molecules linked together by a glycerol molecule. The medium chain fatty acids consist of 6- to 12-carbon chains with hydrogen and oxygen atoms bound to them and the length of the carbon chain affects the various properties of each fatty acid.   All of the medium chain fatty acids are fully saturated fats, meaning that all available docking sites are occupied by hydrogen atoms, but they behave very differently than the longer chain saturated fatty acids.

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